REGIONAL INNOVATIONS FOR DIVERSE TENURE SYSTEMS OF PASTURE LAND IN CENTRAL ASIA
Ykhanbai Khijaba et all
Pastoral agriculture is a way of life for many communities in the vast steppes and mountains of Central Asia. Over time this has evolved, and there has been a need to support environmental protection of rangeland landscapes and the livelihoods of herders. Central Asia is currently undergoing a transitional phase with challenges relating to the socio-economic, ecological and political situation. In economic aspects pastureland makes an important contribution to the wellbeing and livelihood of herders and local communities. In social aspects we conclude that community based co-management of pasture land promotes equal participation of herders, the poor, women and local and central governments for the integrated sustainable management of local ecosystems. For this to happen there is a need to introduce a diverse system of pastureland tenure arrangements based on the rich traditions of local communities and the best pasture management practices in the region. In this context this paper compares the land tenure system for pastureland use in Mongolia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Tajikistan.
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